Before starting your part-time job search, spend some time reading this article to find out all the essential information about where to find a job, expected income, and most importantly, the legal regulations applied to students taking part-time jobs.
You can do your part-time job during your study in Germany as:
As a mini job employee:
As a Werkstudent:
As a HiWi:
You will work at your university. Your responsibilities include working as a librarian, teaching assistant, or research assistant for professors. The big benefit you can reap is that you can apply what you have learned at university while working as an academic assistant.
For example, conducting tutorials is one good way for you to put your knowledge to the test - as you can only teach when you really understand - and review your lessons at the same time. It’s a huge advantage to be able to combine your work and study.
You can keep yourself updated on new vacancies by visiting your department or find the information on the blackboards which are everywhere at your university.
As an intern:
There are two types of internship namely voluntary and mandatory internship. They differ greatly in terms of legal regulations as follows:
A voluntary internship (including unpaid work): each working day will be deducted from your 120-day limit as this type of internship is considered regular work. A mandatory internship is an internship that you are required to take during your studies at a university. If this is the case, you are allowed to work longer hours and the internship will not affect your 120-day limit.
You must be wondering what the 120-day limit is and what it has to do with all the internship, right? Here’s the answer to your question!
General rules applying to students who are from non-European Union nor Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, or Switzerland are as follows:
You can also take a look at your supplementary sheet (Zusatzblatt) in your German Residence Permit (Aufenthaltstitel). You can see how many working hours you are allowed to.
As we mentioned above, it doesn’t matter whether you are a student from Germany/EU or not, you can take a mini job with which you can earn up to €450/month. You are still required to pay tax but it’s a lot less complicated than paying taxes for the income you earn from other types of jobs in Germany.
If you have to pay tax, then the first question is how much you need to pay. We have the answers for you right here in this article! You will either pay a 2-percent or 20-percent tax which is called in German “Pauschsteuer”. Here’s how it works:
Different types of taxes in Germany and how to pay them is one of the most asked questions if one decides to work in Germany. As a permanent employee in Germany, one should pay social security contributions which include health insurance, nursing care insurance, pension, and unemployment insurance. But in case you take one mini-job, you don’t need to pay for all of them, just for retirement insurance. But this is also completely voluntary. Usually, you would tell your employer whether you want to pay it before starting your mini job. 3.6 percent will be deducted from your monthly salary to pay retirement insurance if you are willing to pay.
In Germany, you can find all the essential information about tax in Finanzamt. (Just google “Finanzamt + city name”, and then you will find out where your Finanzamt is.) So if you still have any questions related to paying tax as a student, you can go there and ask for detailed explanations.